5am on 11 November 1918, three German government representatives
accepted the armistice terms presented to them by an allied
commander, General Foch of the French Army. The demands of the
armistice included the withdrawal of German forces to the east
bank of the Rhine within 30 days; immediate cessation of
warfare; and surrender of the German fleet and all heavy guns
with no further negotiations until the signing of the peace
armistice became effective at 11am the same day, and as the guns
fell silent on the Western Front in France and Belgium, four
years of hostilities ended.
cease-fire was made permanent the following year when members of
the Commonwealth and the League of Nations signed the Treaty of
Versailles. People across the world celebrated the war's end -
celebrations tempered by thoughts of the enormous suffering and
loss of life resulting from the war.
than 416 000 Australians volunteered for service in World War I.
Of these, 324 000 served overseas. More than 60 000 Australians
were killed, including 45 000 who died on the Western Front in
France and Belgium and more than 8 000 who died on the Gallipoli
Peninsula in Turkey.
Australia and other allied countries, including New Zealand,
Canada and the United States, 11 November became known as
Armistice Day - a day to remember those who died in World War I.
The day continues to be commemorated in Allied countries.
World War II the Australian Government agreed to the United
Kingdom's proposal that Armistice Day be renamed Remembrance Day
to commemorate those who were killed in both World Wars. Today
the loss of Australian lives from all wars and conflicts is
commemorated on Remembrance Day.
October 1997 the Governor-General issued a Proclamation
declaring 11 November as Remembrance Day - a day to remember the
sacrifice of those who have died for Australia in wars and
Proclamation reinforced the importance of Remembrance Day and
encouraged all Australians to renew their observance of the