Labuan comprises one main island and six smaller islets
covering an area of 95 sq. km. It is located off the coast of Borneo at
Latitude 5 N and Longitude 115 E.
The island is mainly flat and undulating and the highest point is 85 meters
above sea level. More than 70 percent of the island is still under vegetation.
Land utility is concentrated more on property and industrial use with
minimal agricultural activity. Most of the island's prime land, waterfront
and suburbs are utilized for residential and tourism development. A sizeable
area on the south western side of the island is allocated for shipbuilding,
oil and gas industries and manufacturing activities.
Labuan had a glorious history under the rule of various empires. After
the demise of the Majapahit Empire in the 14th century, Labuan came under
the rule of the Brunei Sultanate. The Island was ceded to the British
by the Brunei Sultanate in 1846. The British then officially declared
Labuan a colony of the British Empire in 1849 and renamed it Victoria.
The British lost its hold over Labuan in 1942 when the Japanese Army occupied
the island. The Island was renamed Maeda Island during the Japanese rule.
After World War II, the British resumed control of the island until 1963
when Labuan joined Malaysia and became a part of Sabah. The Island became
a Federal Territory of Malaysia in 1984. Labuan was declared an International
Offshore Financial Centre in 1990.
Local time is GMT + 8 hours.
Sunrise is 0600 hours while sunset is 1830 hours.
Labuan has a tropical balmy climate with two annual
monsoon seasons - the South West monsoon from April to June and the North
East monsoon from September to December. It is free from hurricanes and
typhoons and enjoys good climate all year round. Daily temperatures average
between 28 to 32 degrees Celsius.
Malaysia Ringgit (RM) is the legal medium of exchange in Malaysia. Travellers
cheques and foreign currency can be converted to RM with commercial banks
or authorized money changers. (USD = RM3.8)
Labuan is a Federal Territory of Malaysia, which is a democracy based
on the parliamentary system of government. Labuan is a strategic naval
and air force base for East Malaysia, which makes it one of the safest
places to visit in the region.
The population of Labuan is 78,000 comprising
of 41,900 males and 36,100 females.
Malay - 24,400
Chinese - 9,400
Indian - 900
Other races - 20,900
Foreigners - 22,400
By Groups (year 2000)
Under 5 years (10,800)
5 - 14 years (17,900)
15 - 24 years (13,200)
25 - 64 years (34,400)
65 years and above (1,700)
Labor Force (Year 1999)
Males - 16,300 (95% employed)
Females - 15,100 (90% employed)
(Source: Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia, cawangan Sabah)
Islam is the official religion of Malaysia. Freedom of worship is guaranteed.
Places of worship for Muslims, Hindus, Christians and Buddhists are available.
Bahasa Melayu is the national language. However, English, Chinese and
Tamil are widely spoken.
The Island has 1 International School, 14 Primary Schools, 7 Secondary
Schools, 1 Technical School, 1 Matriculation College and 1 University.
Registered automobiles (Year 1999) - 23,638
Hotel Rooms (Year 2001) - 959
There is no exchange control in Labuan. There is no restrictions in foreign
currency dealings. Funds are freely remitted in any currency other than
56% developed. Balance 44% in secondary jungle or swamp.
mw is of which 60 mw is supplied to Sabah. Daily consumption is rated
at 39 mw.This means Labuan has an excess capacity of 23 mw.
demand rated at 6 million gallons per day (MGD) - 4.2 MGD from Sabah and
2 MGD from Bukit Kuda and Kerupang reservoirs.
optic cable enabled.
Network capacity - 15,000 lines.
Present 10,369 telephone Subscribers.
1 hospital with 109 beds; 13 government doctors;
15 private practitioners.